Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. It can affect any part of the GI tract, from mouth to anus, but it most commonly affects the end of ileum and beginning of colon. The diet for Crohn’s Disease should be planned in consultation with one’s dietitian or doctor. Some guidelines are mentioned below-
1) Eat Foods Rich in Fiber
Crohn’s Disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation to form in the lining of the digestive tract. Though there are many diet plans to help with Crohn’s Disease, one diet plan has been proven to be more effective than others: a diet rich in fiber.
There are two types of fibers: soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber dissolves in water to create a gel-like material which reduces constipation and bowel irregularity, while insoluble fiber helps food move through the intestines by absorbing water as it passes through your system. Insoluble fiber can also provide relief from diarrhea because it absorbs excess fluid and adds bulk to stools which helps them pass through your system more easily. Fiber can also reduce inflammation by binding with bile in the intestine and carrying it out through bowel movements.
Crohn’s Disease diet plans should include plenty of soluble and insoluble fiber to regulate bowel health. Some foods that are a good source for a healthy diet plan with lots of fiber include: cooked dry beans, raw vegetables, fruits such as apples, pears, raspberries, and blackberries, and whole grain products like brown rice and oatmeal.
2) Drink Plenty of Water
Crohn’s Disease is a chronic condition that affects the digestive system. It can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea that may be bloody, fever and weight loss. In addition to diet, medication and surgery are often used to treat Crohn’s Disease. However, diet plays a key role in the treatment of Crohn’s Disease because it can help control inflammation and related symptoms. One diet tip for people with Crohn’s Disease is drinking plenty of water every day. Drinking plenty of water helps maintain adequate hydration which has been shown to reduce inflammation by flushing out toxins from the body through urination and perspiration (sweating). Water also helps keep stool soft so that it passes more easily through the intestines reducing constipation which is a common symptom of Crohn’s Disease.
3) Eat Small, Frequent Meals
Another diet tip for people with Crohn’s Disease is to eat small, frequent meals rather than 3 large meals per day. This will help reduce the amount of stress on the digestive system and will also help to maintain adequate hydration. In addition, eating smaller meals will help reduce the number of stool that move through the intestines per day. This diet tip may also help to control diarrhea which is a common symptom of Crohn’s Disease.
4) Eliminate Allergenic Foods from Diet
A diet plan for people with Crohn’s Disease should eliminate allergenic foods from the diet. Allergenic foods are those that may cause intestinal inflammation or bleeding in people who have Crohn’s Disease. Some examples of allergenic foods include citrus fruits, coffee, tea, chocolate, dairy products and high fiber cereals.
People with Crohn’s Disease should also avoid any food additives like MSG (monosodium glutamate), preservatives and artificial sweeteners because these substances may aggravate the symptoms of Crohn’s Disease. Spicy foods and diet sodas should also be avoided by people with Crohn’s Disease.